Types of Insurance


A comprehensive introduction to the many types of Indian insurance policies 
Life is full of unexpected costs, which can be both a blessing and a curse. Even if you believe your financial situation is stable, an unexpected or unforeseen expense can seriously undermine your peace of mind. You may end up in debt because of these circumstances.

Insurance products provide some protection in the case of a financial failure, unanticipated circumstances, even if you can't plan ahead for them.

Each insurance policy is designed to protect a certain part of your healthcare or financial well-being.

There are mainly 8 types of insurance

  1. Life Insurance
  2. Health insurance
  3. Motor insurance
  4. Property insurance
  5. Travel insurance
  6. Mobile insurance
  7. Cycle insurance
  8. Bite-size insurance

It is not enough to know about the various insurance packages. Instead, you have to gain a basic overview of how all of these plans work in order to make an informed decision.

You might not even be capable of protecting your own assets, and also the financial health of your family members, if you lack adequate understanding of each of them. Continue reading to learn everything you need to know about insurance coverage.

1. Life Insurance

Life insurance is insurance policy or cover that provides security of finances for the policyholder's dependents if he or she dies. Your husband and children rely solely on you for financial support.

Your family would be financially devastated if you were to pass away in such a scenario. In the case of your death, a life insurance policy provides financial help to your loved ones.

There are multiple types of life insurance policies available.

Whenever it comes to life insurance, there are essentially seven distinct policy types to choose from. The following are examples:

Term Plan -

To receive the death benefit from a term plan, you need to buy it at least forty years before you die.

Endowment Plan -

Certain percentage of the premiums you pay go toward your death benefit, whereas the rest is engaged by the insurance company. Endowment plans Endowment policies can provide a variety of advantages, including maturity, death, and periodic incentives.

Unit Linked Insurance Plans or ULIPs - 

A portion of the insurance premiums goes for mutual fund investments, similar to endowments plans, and the remaining part goes towards death benefit, as in both cases.

Whole Life Insurance -

Whole life insurance, in contradiction to term life insurance, covers the insured for the duration of his or her life. Depending on the insurer, some life insurance plans have a maximum duration of 100 years.

Child’s Plan -

Your children's long-term safety of  financial situation is guaranteed by an investment-linked life insurance policy. After the loss of a parent, the death benefit can be received in a single payment.

Money-Back -

These insurance plans make periodic payments of a certain percent of the plan's assured total. As a result, it's referred to as a survival perk.

Retirement Plan -

These policies,other name is pension plans, combine investing and insurance components. A portion of the premiums paid by the policyholder are utilised to construct a retirement fund. It is possible for the policyholder to receive a sum of money or a monthly payout when they retire.


Life Insurance guide to policies and companies

What Is Life Insurance?

In the event of the insured's death, life insurance plans are designed to give financial support to chosen family members or dear ones, known as beneficiaries. It is possible to use the death benefit to pay all your debts (e.g., mortgage payments or university fees), cover funerary and related expenditures, or make up for lost revenue. Money in cash might be demanded against or withdrawn from some policies while the insured individual is still alive under specific conditions.

What Are the Different Types of Life Insurance?

In comparison to term life insurance, permanent life insurance covers you throughout your life. Everyone must be aware about the differences between the two so that you can decide which one is ideal for your situation. As a further option, several insurers offer "riders," which are optional policies that cover specific situations or needs, such as an unavoidable death, final expenses, or long-term need.

Term life insurance is for a certain number of years, such as one to forty, or until a specific age, is possible with term life insurance (commonly 65). You will receive your death benefit if you keep your policy current. When the term is over, so are any perks that came with it. As a rule of thumb, term insurance premiums are far less expensive as compared to those of permanent life insurance. The policy has no real cash amount or investment component, as is the case with permanent life insurance. Term insurance premiums can either stay the same or grow over the course of the policy term.

Term life insurance comes in two categories:

Level-term policy :-

Regardless of when the insured person passed away, a level-term policy pays out the same sum in death benefits. There are just two categories of term life insurance policies that are more widely purchased, as per the Insurance Information Institute: (III).

The death benefit in decreasing-term plans decreases over time.

When the first coverage period ends, the insured may be allowed to renew their coverage for another term, even when they would not ordinarily be eligible for a policy. As an added bonus, certain policies can be converted to long-term care coverage.

Permanent Life Insurance

As far as premiums are paid, the life insurance policy will continue in effect for the remaining period of your life. The premiums for whole life insurance do not fluctuate over time, but they are more costly than term insurance due to the fact that the policy has a monetary equivalent as well as a death benefit. The cash value of several permanent life insurance contracts can be accessed while the policyholder is still alive.

Benefits of Life Insurance

1. Benefits to the Taxpayer

Sections 80(C) and 10(10D) of both the Indian Income Tax Act allow you to claim tax benefits for life insurance premiums paid. By taking a life insurance policy, you would be able to save a significant amount of money in taxes.

2. Boosts the Habit of Saving

Buying an insurance policy that requires you to pay premiums encourages the habit of conserving money.

3. Financial Future of a Family is Protected

Even if you die, your family will be financially secure thanks to this coverage.

4. Aids in Retirement Planning

Life insurance plans can also be used as investment vehicles. The lump sum payment you receive when you retire from a pension plan is an example of this.

What are the many types of life insurance policies? Continue reading to learn more about additional types of general insurance.

The disadvantages of life insurance

You'll pay more for life insurance when you're sick or old.

When you're young and healthy, life insurance is the most economical option. You'll pay a higher premium for life insurance coverage if your medical history, health history, and age all contribute to a higher chance of premature death for you. A life insurance policy benefits your loved ones, but it could be costly for you if your health is so poor that you can't afford the medical expenses.

If everything else is equal, getting a policy of $500,000 of life insurance in your 40s will cost you about $20 more per month than getting one in your 20s. While the additional expense is not really a major financial strain as you grow older, you'll still be forced to spend more in the longer period if you delay enrolling in health insurance.

No matter what age you buy it, whole life insurance is expensive.

Term life insurance seems to be an excellent option. On the other hand, whole life insurance can cost as much as several hundred dollars a month. Even if you have insurance, the great majority of Americans can't afford it.

As long as you've been paying your premiums, you're guaranteed to get death benefit while the policy is in effect. Whole life insurance is significantly more expensive because it covers you for your entire life. As soon as a person has paid off their mortgage, taken care of their dependents, and no longer has any debt, they no longer require quite as much life insurance as the peak working years of a person. As a result, the additional years spent paying into the system on whole life insurance policies past the age of retirement will yield a lower return on investment.

As an investment vehicle, cash value is low

Cash value in whole life insurance is a terrific method to invest for retirement while giving life insurance policy in the case that you pass away. However, the total return is lower than if the money was invested in a Roth IRA, and the expenses required in retrieving the capital make it a little less than ideal.

As long as you haven't already exhausted all your other investments, you'll probably be better off sticking with term life insurance and investing your excess money in a typical retirement account or increasing your 401(k) contributions.

If you don't know what you're talking about, it's easy to get fooled.

In terms of life insurance, there are few questions to be answered: When is it possible to get your money back? Suppose you pass away, but your life insurance company disputes the circumstances of your death? What are your options? You smoked one joint at your cousin's barbecue last summer. Are you going to pay more for it this year? Which insurance providers price less than others if you have the same degree of exposure to danger?

Some aspects of life insurance aren't as clear-cut as you might think, and you could be offered a policy by an untrustworthy salesman for more protection than you really need. Prior to signing the contract, conduct your research and consult an insurance agent like Policygenius. Agents at Policygenius don't get paid on policies they sell, so you can be sure you're getting the right amount of coverage from the lowest-cost insurer.

Importance of obtaining life insurance coverage

1. Your family's financial security is a top priority.

Life insurance's greatest benefit is also its primary role. When you get life insurance, you agree to pay a relatively small monthly premium for a significant sum of money in the event of a death benefit. When the insured dies, a large sufficient insurance policy can cover his/her mortgage and the children's education costs. It can also act as a safety net during unanticipated costs.

Your loved ones will get a tax-free amount of money from your death benefit, unlike the money they would otherwise receive from your inheritance, trust, or estate. Buying life insurance is the best way to ensure immediate financial security for your death, as legal processes such as probate can take a long time to complete.

2.  Life insurance is affordable for the majority of people.

Term life insurance rates are very low, sometimes just $20 per month, based on how much protection you need and how old you are when you apply. To save money on premiums, you can reduce the quantity of coverage and the length of the term.

A person's term life insurance policy expires when they have less financial obligations. Purchasing life insurance early on can save you hundreds of dollars in annual insurance costs.

3. A feeling of calmness

Paying Life insurance premiums you may feel like wasting money if you don't die during the policy's term. However, you weren't wasting your money - you were buying insurance in the contract that you died, which can happen at any time. You are paying to make your family financially secure and strong after your death.

4. Applying for life insurance has been easier.

Comparison shopping for life insurance policies is a snap with Policygenius. Life insurance quotes may be obtained in a matter of minutes, and you can then choose which one best meets your needs.

Even while watching "The Good Place," you may finish the complete life insurance online form in only a few commercial breaks. All you'll need is a copy of your most recent financial and medical data. Reach out with one of our specialists if you have any questions.

5. Your financial plan will be complete with life insurance.

Saving for the future can be done in many different ways, including purchasing an asset that can be sold for a profit in the future, investing in an IRA or 401(k) plan, alternatively, you may receive interest by putting your money in a savings account. Focus on saving as early as you can to protect your wealth as you get older.

To receive the benefits of several of these strategies, you'll have to wait until you're much older. In the situation of your sudden death, your retirement funds will be of little value to the people who depend on your financial support.

6. The value of a dollar You might save on your final expenses if you have life insurance.

Cash value features in permanent life insurance policies allow you to save for retirement while still enjoying the policy's benefits. Whole life insurance is an excellent option for many people since it includes both a death payout and an interest-bearing account, similar to a savings account.

If your net income is very high and have already exhausted your 401(k) or Roth IRA options, whole life insurance with a cash balance component may be a good addition to your portfolio. Whole life insurance products can come with additional costs.

2. Motor Insurance

If you're involved in an unfortunate accident by your personal vehicle, you'll be covered financially. A motor insurance policy can cover three different types of motorised vehicles plans:

Car Insurance

Four-wheeler vehicles owned by the policyholder are covered.

Insurance for two-wheelers

These plans concern two-wheeled vehicles, such as bicycles and scooters.

Commercial Vehicle Insurance

It's essential that you have commercial insurance if you operate a commercial vehicle. These insurance packages help to keep your company cars in top condition, which helps to cut down on losses.

The Different Types of Car Insurance

Three types of motor insurance policies exist, based on the level of coverage or protection they provide:

Liability to a Third Party

In India, this has been the most basic form of automobile insurance. According to Motor Vehicles Act of 1988, this is the minimum compulsory component for all owners of motorised vehicles. These policies have cheap premiums because of the lack of financial aid. Because of these insurance plans, you didn't have to bother with any legal troubles as a result of the disaster, which exclusively cover the financial liability of the third-party involved. When a policyholder's vehicle gets damaged in an accident, they do not provide financial aid to repair it.

All-inclusive Protection

Comprehensive insurance plans provide greater protection and security than third-party liability policies. In the event of an accident involving the policyholder's own vehicle, these insurance also pay the expenses of repairs, in addition to third-party liability. Comprehensive policies also cover damage to your vehicle if it is damaged by fire, natural or man-made disasters, riots, or other unforeseen circumstances. Provided your bike is theft by someone, you can get your money back if you have comprehensive coverage. A comprehensive auto insurance coverage may be supplemented with a variety of add-ons. Add-ons may include coverage for zero depreciation, engine and gearbox protection, consumables, and breakdown help, among other things.

Self-Inflicted Damage Insurance

This is a unique type of automobile insurance that is offered by insurance firms to clients. If you bought your two-wheeler or automobile after September 2018, you can take advantage of this plan. There can be no second-hand vehicles, just brand new ones. You should be aware that this separate damage coverage is only available if you have  third-party liability policy for your car. Without any of the third-party liability aspects of a complete policy, you get the same benefits as a damage-only policy.

Automobile Insurance's advantages

Cars and motorbikes are becoming more and more expensive by the day. Owners who do not have the right insurance coverage could lose a significant amount of money if something were to happen to them.

You won't have to pay fines or face other legal consequences if you use this service.

A car accident may result in the injury or damage to the other person involved in the accident and if you have third-party liability insurance, you can use it to cover any financial losses.

Assisting You in Paying for Your Own Repairs -There is a lot of money involved in repairing your own vehicle after an accident. When you have insurance, you don't have to pay as much out of pocket, which frees you up to get repairs done right away.

You will be reimbursed for a percentage of the car's on-road value if your insurance policy includes theft/loss coverage. If an accident has damaged your car beyond repair, you should be able to count on similar support.

Tax advantages are also available to people who use a commercial vehicle or two-wheeler if they purchase insurance for that vehicle.

3. Health Insurance

When a policyholder is admitted to a hospital for treatment, they receive financial support from their insurance company. As an additional benefit, some plans cover the expense of in-home therapy, either before or after a hospitalisation, as well.

Purchasing health insurance is becoming a requirement in India due to the country's escalating medical costs. Check out the wide variety of health insurance plans in India before making your ultimate pick.

Types of health insurance

In India, there have been eight primary categories of health insurance. In order, they are as follows:

1.Individual Health Insurance -

Medical insurance policies that only cover one person. 
For those who don't want to acquire individual policies for each family member, a Family Floater Insurance policy is an option. Family floater policies often cover the husband, wife, and their offsprings under one insurance.

2. Critical Illness Cover -

For those who are diagnosed with specific, long-term health conditions, these plans will give considerable financial help. Unlike traditional health insurance policies, these plans offer a lump-sum payment when this diagnosis is made.

3. Senior Citizen Health Insurance -

As the name suggests, these programmes are geared toward people 60 and older.

4. Group Health Insurance -

Employees of a corporation or organisation are usually eligible for these policy benefits. They are designed to allow for the removal of older beneficiaries and the addition of new ones, depending on the company's capacity to retain employees.

5. Maternity Health Insurance -

Prenatal, postnatal, and delivery expenditures are covered by these policies. It protects both the mother and her baby.

6. Personal Accident Insurance -

Accidental injury, disability, and death are the only causes of financial liability covered by these health insurance policies.

7. Preventive Healthcare Plan -

Such a plan covers the expense of preventative therapy for a serious illness or injury.

Health Insurance Advantages

You may be asking why health insurance is necessary for yourself or your family members after looking at all the options available.


Medical expense insurance is one of the key advantages of this type of policy. As a patient, you can take advantage of the cashless payment benefit if your insurer has a tie-up with a participating hospital. This feature assures that your insurer and surgery center will directly settle all of your medical expenditures.

Benefits to the Taxpayer

Tax breaks are available to those who pay for health insurance. For health insurance premiums, Section 80D of the Income Tax Act provides a tax advantage of up to Rs.1 lakh.

Based on the insurance company, there are significant advantages.

4. Travel insurance

Travel insurance is an important topic to bring up while discussing the various types of insurance packages. Such policies safeguard a traveler's financial well-being. As a result, compared to other insurance policies, travel insurance only covers the period of a trip.

Travel insurance can give financial assistance for a variety of reasons, such as lost luggage, trip cancellation, and more. The following is a list of the several types of travel insurance policies offered in the United States:

Domestic Travel Insurance

If you're planning on travelling in India and want to keep your money safe, this is the policy for you. But if you're planning a trip beyond the United States, this policy will not help.

International Travel Insurance

Travel insurance is a very important part if you're planning on leaving the country. It's a safety net in case of medical problems, lost luggage, or a misplaced passport, among other things, throughout your journey.

Home Holiday Insurance

It's impossible to keep a 24*7 eye on your house when you're away from it with your loved ones. The likelihood of a thief committing a crime is always high, which could result in significant financial losses. Home holiday insurance, which is commonly included in travel insurance packages, protects you financially in such occurrences as well.

Getting Travel Insurance Has Many benefits. Travel insurance plans include coverage for the following:

1.Cover Flight Delay

Passengers might lose a lot of money if flights are delayed or cancelled. A travel insurance policy would cover these types of financial damages in the event of an accident or illness.

2. Baggage Delay/Loss

Travel insurance provides financial aid if you lose or delay your luggage. You'll be able to pick up some essentials with this budget.

3. Reclaim Lost Travel Documents

A visa and a passport are required for international travel. Your ability to reapply for temporary or replacement documents should be protected by purchasing foreign travel insurance.

4. Trip Cancellation Cover

If a family member dies unexpectedly or  a medical emergency arises, then trip plans may be ruined. For the most part, foreign travel insurance policies cover trip cancellations due to unforeseen circumstances. You may be eligible for financial aid to cover penalties and cancellation fees for travel, lodging, and other expenses.

Choose an insurance company carefully, especially one that is trustworthy and available around the clock.

5. Property Insurance

Property insurance policies can cover just about any kind of structure, be it moveable or immovable. This can be a private residence or a business location. If unfortunately you lose a property, you can file a claim for compensation with the insurance company. In addition to safeguarding the property's contents, such a strategy also safeguards its financial resources.


Indian Property Insurance Types 
In India, you can get the following kinds of insurance for your home:

Home Insurance 

If a house catches fire, burglary, storm, earthquake, explosion, or other unforeseen incident resulting in property damages or its contents, you are protected from any and all financial obligations.

Shop Insurance

If you don't want to be responsible for any financial losses, you must have a business  that generates revenue. With these plans, you'll be able to swiftly repair the shop during any kind of natural calamity or accident.

Office Insurance 
 Insurance for the office structure and all of its equipment is another sort of property insurance that protects both in case of unanticipated disasters. Computers, servers, and other high-tech equipment are commonplace in office environments. As a result, taking advantage of these plans is crucial.

Building Insurance 
A standard homeowners policy may not be adequate if you possess a complete structure and the contents within it. You might also consider obtaining comprehensive insurance for the entire structure as an option.

How Property Insurance Can Save You Money?
You may assume that property insurance isn't necessary, However, there are a few compelling reasons to reconsider.

Fire prevention 
Insurance policies do not prevent fires, but they provide protection from the financial consequences of a loss due to a covered occurrence like that. 

If you live in a theft and burglaries prone area, coverage like this is essential to protect your finances. 

Floods are a typical occurrence in parts of India. It is possible to lose a lot of money due to these floods. As a result, property insurance can also protect against these disasters. 

Apocalyptic Events 
Earthquakes, storms, and more are all covered by this insurance. 
Rebuilding or remodeling a home is extremely expensive. Property insurance policies, then, are your greatest bet for securing your financial future.

6. Mobile Insurance

Due to the escalating cost of smart phones and their numerous uses nowadays, ensuring the device has become important. In case of unexpected damage to your phone, you can reclaim the money you spent on repairing it. 

In addition, if someone stoles your mobile, you can claim the same, making it simpler to buy a new device.

Those who own a high-end smartphone can greatly benefit from mobile insurance policies. 

1. Comprehensive security for brand-new electronic gadgets 
Phones lose their monetary worth over time. As a result, smartphone insurance can help protect a device's high worth when it is brand new. 

2.Coverage for Screen Damage 
Your insurance will sponsor the cost of repairing a damaged smartphone screen, one of the most critical components of these devices. 

3. Stolen or robbed
A stolen or robbed smartphone is the worst thing that can happen to you after you've spent a lot of money on it. If anything terrible occurs to your phone, having phone insurance can help you buy a new one. 
After spending a few months of owning a smartphone, you may not be able to get insurance from some insurers.

7. Cycle Insurance

In India there are so many people that use bicycles as their primary mode of transportation. If somehow your bicycle is damaged or stolen, a bike insurance coverage will provide you with the cost that will occur in repairing or replacing it. It reduces your out-of-pocket costs while ensuring that the vehicle is repaired as soon as possible.

Advantages of a Cycle Policy 
There are numerous benefits to taking out a coverage like this:

Relying on the insurance company, a bicycle insurance policy covers the expenses of the damage no matter which part of the bicycle it is on. You can still benefit from such a policy if you have a riding injury in another country.

1. Fire and Riot Protection 
Damage caused by fire or rioting will be covered by your bicycles insurance policy.

2. Your family will get money if you unfortunately lose your life in a bicycle accident because of your policy's event of death benefit. 
Insurance can significantly minimise your financial risk, regardless matter how much you paid for your bicycle.

8. Bite-Size Insurance

"Bite-sized" policies are small insurance plans that limit your financial exposure for a short period of time, typically a year or less. 

These insurance products safeguard you from certain losses or risks to your finances. 

Such a bite-sized insurance, for example, might cover accidents up to a maximum of Rs. 1 lakh per year. If you are too worried about the possibility of being injured in an accident.
Another example is a health insurance policy that covers a specific illness. Consider a policy that bears the price of cholera therapy and all associated expenses for a year if the area where you live is particularly prone to water-borne illnesses. 

Using Bite-sized Insurance Benefits 
As a main benefit, bite-size insurance products allow you to get financial security at affordable costs. 

Your overall monthly expenses will not be affected by the reduced premiums. To put it another way, the coverage is extensive.


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